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Historical evidence (rock art and fossils) give evidence that the Cape Peninsula was once populated by a variety of larger mammals such as lion, leopard and hyena, however due to hunting and environmental degradation they are but a memory.

TMNP management has started reintroduction of locally extinct species – but on the tamer side of things with the tiny Klipspringer.

Antelope species adapted to fynbos are generally tiny and hard to spot but well worth the patience. Look out for Klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus), recently reintroduced to Table Mountain. These petite buck are likely to be seen standing proudly on rocky outcrops. Grysbok (Raphicerus melanotis), Common Duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia), Grey Rhebok (Pelea capreolus) and Steenbok (Raphicerus campestris) can also be spotted towards evening and in the early mornings.

Larger Antelope species such as Eland (Taurotragus oryx), Red Hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus), Bontebok (Damaliscus dorcas dorcas) can be found in the Cape of Good Hope section of the TMNP.

Other mammals include:

  • Cape Mountain Zebra (Equus zebra zebra)
  • Caracal or Rooikat (Felis caracal)
  • Large-spotted Genet (Genneta tigrina)
  • Small-spotted Genet (Genneta genetta)
  • Porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralus)
  • Rock Hyrax (Procavia capensis)
  • Chacma Baboon (papio ursinus)
  • Cape Clawless Otter (Aonyx capensis)
  • Water Mongoose (Atilax paludinosus)
  • Cape Molerat (Georhycus capensis)
  • Striped Polecat (Ictonyx striatus)
  • Cape Dune Mole (Bathyergus suillus)
  • Water Mongoose (Ayonix capensis)
  • Small Grey Mongoose (Galerella purverulenta)
  • Cape Fox (Vulpes chama)