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The Cape Floral Kingdom, recognized as one of the most biologically diverse areas on earth, is exemplified here.

There is something in bloom year round with the peak flower season in the spring. The vegetation is fynbos and characterized by four major plant types: restioids, ericoids, proteoids, and geophytes. Coastal Renosterveld is a part of this vegetation biome and is found in limited areas. It usually grows in highly fertile soils.

This high fertility has meant that most of the area has been converted to agriculture, with other Renosterveld types also heavily ploughed or used as augmented pasture. It is a vegetation type in need of conservation.

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  • The Hessekwa traded with the first Dutch settlers who landed in Cape Town in 1652


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