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Identify and index birds in Southern Africa


Unread post by Jumbo » Fri Jul 18, 2008 7:29 am

Brubru (Nilaus afer)

Information from Wikipedia

The Brubru, Nilaus afer, is a member of the bushshrike family found in much of sub-Saharan Africa apart from the western rainforests and southern South Africa. It is the only member of the genus Nilaus.

Its habitat is dry open woodland, but varies geographically. The six northern races and the subspecies N. a. brubru of southern Africa are found in acacia and broadleaved woodland, whereas the three subspecies in a belt from northeastern Angola and northern Namibia east to Tanzania and northern Mozambique occur in Brachystegia miombo woodland.

The Brubru is a small passerine, 12–15 cm long. The adult male of the nominate subspecies, N. a. afer, has a black crown, white supercilium and forehead, and black eyestripe. The back is black with a tawny strip, the rump is mottled black, and the tail is black with white tips and edges to the outer feathers. The wings are black with a buff shoulder stripe. The underparts are white with rufous flanks.

The female is duller and browner, with some streaking on the underparts and less rufous on the flanks. The juvenile is mottled brown, buff and white above, with buff edgings to the wing and tail feathers. Its underparts are whitish with brown barring.

The male of the most distinctive of the other subspecies, N. a. nigritemporalis, occurring in the central belt across Africa, has no supercilium and a white, not buff, shoulder patch. Other subspecies differ in the extent of the supercilium and rufous flanks, and the shade and degree of streaking of the underparts.

The song is a duet. The male gives a soft prrrrruuu call, often answered by the female's eeeu.

The Brubru is usually solitary or in pairs; it is a restless but unobtrusive arboreal species which hunts insects in the canopy. Its need for large trees in which to feed means that it has an unusually large territory for a bird of its size, typically 35 hectares. If insects are abundant, it will join mixed-species feeding flocks.

The flimsy cup nest is constructed from twigs, grass and spider webs in a tree fork, and decorated with lichens. It is very well camouflaged. The female normally lays two eggs, which are off-white, greenish or greyish blotched with grey or brown. Both sexes incubate for about 19 days to hatching. The chicks fledge in another 22 days but are dependent for about eight weeks.

This species often destroys its own nests, especially when disturbed.

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Unread post by Nannie » Mon Jul 28, 2008 8:22 pm

Also in Marloth Park.

Last edited by Nannie on Tue Sep 28, 2010 5:25 pm, edited 1 time in total.


Unread post by Jumbo » Mon Jul 28, 2008 8:29 pm

Great shot, Nannie….looks like this was also taken in a Knoppiesdoring? 8)

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Unread post by Johann » Wed Jul 30, 2008 10:48 am



Thanks for the compliment Jumbo. I would however love to get some better pics. These are not sharp at all when enlarged a bit. Easier said than done though, these little buggers are not easy to shoot.
Look deep into nature, and then you will understand everything better.
Albert Einstein

Latest lifers from Kruger NP:
Thick-billed Cuckoo Pachycoccyx audeberti Dikbekkoekoek
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe Europese skaapwagter

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Re: Identification Help - General Birds

Unread post by wingman » Thu Sep 24, 2009 3:20 pm

Please help me with these
the first one an Imm Batis seen at Polokwane in July



many thanks

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Re: Identification Help - General Birds

Unread post by Lizet Grobbelaar » Thu Sep 24, 2009 3:42 pm


#1 & 2 is a Brubru - White eyebrow and wingbar with the rufous flanks and hooked bill.

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Re: Brubru

Unread post by WillemK » Fri Dec 09, 2011 8:46 am

Saw this one last month in Mokala national park:


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