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Tree: Jakkalsbessie (Diospyros mespiliformis)

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richardharris
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Tree: Jakkalsbessie (Diospyros mespiliformis)

Unread post by richardharris » Mon Sep 12, 2005 11:15 pm

I tend to visit the mid to northern part of the Park but January 2004 we went south!

On the road between Lower Sabie and Crocodile Bridge (S4-2) somewhere after the H5 junction there are two huge trees - on the right when going towards Crocodile Bridge. About 100 yards to the side of the road. Very large tree with dark green lush leaves. Would love to know what they are - never knowingly seen them anywhere else.

Richard

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Imberbe
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Unread post by Imberbe » Tue Sep 13, 2005 12:52 am

You are quite right that it is almost impossible to answer your question, especially since there are quite a few large trees growing in that area. One that comes to mind is the Sycamore Fig, with its lovely yellowish bark.

The tree you are referring to is probably the Jackal-Berry (Diospyros mespiliformis) which do grow in that area, and especially next to rivers and drainage lines. They can reach 20 meters in height, and have a huge trunk with a dark and rough bark.

The Jackal-berry is known for its large amount of green berries, which ripen into a yellow fruit after about a year on the tree. This is taken by birds, babboons, antelope, jackal etc. The fruit is also used by humans for medicinal purposes. It can be eaten, but having tried it, I cant really say that it is very pleasant.

I will have a look next time I visit that area!

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Unread post by Imberbe » Mon Oct 03, 2005 9:03 pm

Hallo All!

Back from KNP! :(

And here is the definitife answer!

Natal Mahogony? No! Not even one in sight! Lots along the Sabie river though.

Lots of big Leadwood, Sycamore Fig, Apple-leaf etc. in the area.

But the mystery tree is:

Big and beautifull Jackalberry! :P Two huge trees! Wish I could get closer though. Must be full of live! And maybe a Leopard or two?
:wink:

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Unread post by Imberbe » Mon Oct 16, 2006 10:23 pm

The berry is up to 25 mm in diameter.
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arks
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Jackal berry

Unread post by arks » Sat Dec 01, 2007 4:04 am

Here are my next mystery tree.

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Unread post by Senyetse » Tue Dec 11, 2007 7:23 am

Hi Arks :)

Quite difficult to ID but I think this is a Jackal berry Diospyros mespiliformes.
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Re: miershope en jakkalsbessies

Unread post by JenB » Tue Nov 03, 2009 2:07 pm

Hi Johnny Joe,

Welkom by die forum!
(Translation: Welcome to the forum)

Translation:
I noticed around Punda and also as we moved south through the Park that there are a huge amount of Jackalberries with large anthills around their bases - is there a way to determine how this would happen - did the anthills form after the tree started bearing fruit or did the tree grow from seed that was taken into the nes? Please help?


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Imberbe
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Re: miershope en jakkalsbessies

Unread post by Imberbe » Tue Nov 03, 2009 2:37 pm

I have often heard speculation ... would be interesting to know whether there has been studies done ...
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Re: miershope en jakkalsbessies

Unread post by Rooies » Thu Nov 05, 2009 10:15 am

JJ, we still owe you an answer, so here it goes;

The Jackal Berry tree is found throughout Africa, from the Sudan to Namibia and in the Limpopo and Mpumalanga provinces. It is most commonly found on savanna woodlands where it can be found growing on termite mounds. In heavy soils the termite mounds provide the tree with aerated soil, and a source of moisture. The roots provide protection for termites, who don't eat the living wood. Jackalberry wood is almost termite resistant after it has been cut down.
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Re: miershope en jakkalsbessies

Unread post by Johnny Joe » Thu Nov 05, 2009 4:18 pm

Thanx - so it's actually a symbiosis thing between the tree and the ants - any reason for the predominance of the Jackalberry then?

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Re: miershope en jakkalsbessies

Unread post by Rooies » Fri Nov 06, 2009 8:48 am

The tree prefers moist soil. It grows well in red loams, volcanic and loamy sands. Jackalberry trees are also commonly found along river beds and swampy areas. The fruit of the tee is a favorite of many animals like kudus, nyalas, impalas, warthogs,baboons, parrots and hornbills. The seeds are also found in the dung of jackals, hence the name.

The animals that eat the fruit disperse the seeds and when the seed are dropped by the animals and they fall on soil that does not suit them, the don't germinate. If however, they fall on a termite mound they will start to grow.
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Re: Tree ID Letaba river

Unread post by jjohanv » Fri Mar 05, 2010 4:16 pm

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Re: Tree ID Letaba river

Unread post by jjohanv » Fri Mar 05, 2010 4:21 pm

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Re: Tree ID Letaba river

Unread post by jjohanv » Fri Mar 05, 2010 4:25 pm

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Re: Tree ID Letaba river

Unread post by jjohanv » Fri Mar 05, 2010 4:31 pm

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