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Antelope: Lichtenstein's Hartebeest.

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christo
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Unread post by christo » Mon Jul 31, 2006 9:56 pm

Do anybody know if they spread natuarally through-out the park over time, or were they distributed to a few areas?

In other words, do a specific herd keep to a certain area or not?
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MarkWildDog
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Unread post by MarkWildDog » Tue Aug 01, 2006 4:39 pm

Christo.

There are only 2 herds in Kruger.

- South of Pretoriuskop H2-2 Area
- South of Punda Maria Area.

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Duke Ellieton
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Lichtensteins Hartebeest

Unread post by Duke Ellieton » Mon Sep 04, 2006 7:53 pm

I had friends over from the UK and took them to the Kruger for a flying visit on 2 September.
Although We did see the big 5, this rare antelope was the highlight of my trip.
Seen about 12 km from Pretoriuskop on the H1-1 to Skukuza.

ImageLarge

ImageLarge
Last edited by Elsa on Sun Sep 08, 2013 10:33 am, edited 1 time in total.
Reason: pics resized.

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Elsa
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Unread post by Elsa » Mon Sep 04, 2006 10:02 pm

Great sighting Sharifa, how many were there in the herd?
Great that you could show your friends the big 5 and the L Hartebeeste. :D
Kruger - 16th Feb to 8th March 2017

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Duke Ellieton
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Unread post by Duke Ellieton » Tue Sep 05, 2006 9:02 am

Hi Elsa,

There was just the single one feeding alongside a herd of impala

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LaeveldLeeu
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Lichtenstein's Hartebees/Mofhartebees(Afrikaans)

Unread post by LaeveldLeeu » Tue Sep 12, 2006 3:45 pm

Thanks DinkyBird for the links.
It took me a while but here it is.

Saw this one near Pretoriuskop
Enjoy.

Image

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Elsa
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Unread post by Elsa » Tue Sep 12, 2006 5:05 pm

That is a lovely pic of the L Hartebeest Laeveldleeu.
Well done. :D
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Duke Ellieton
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Unread post by Duke Ellieton » Tue Sep 12, 2006 7:25 pm

A postcard picture laeveldleeu, absolutely wonderful :dance:

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MarkWildDog
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Unread post by MarkWildDog » Fri Sep 15, 2006 1:36 pm

Lichtenstein's Hartebeest:

Ger: Lichtensteins Kuhantilope, Lichtensteins Hatrebeest
Fre: Bubale de Lichtenstein
Afr: Lichtensteinse Hartebees

Status: Not Endangered
Mass: 100-200 kg
Shoulder Height: 1,2-1,4 m
Distinguishing Features: Head long & narrow, shoulders higher than hind quaters. Have distinct habit of rubbing their flanks with their face, particularly after groung horning. This leaves streaks of black preorbital gland secretion mixed with soil & dust on their flanks.
Life-span: +/- 12-15 Years.
Main Predators: Lion, Leopard, Spotted Hyaena & Wild Dog.
Young also fall prey to: Cheetah, Serval, Caracal, Jackals & Pythons.

Description:
Coat is tawny yellow, with darker saddle from shoulders over rump, & ending at base of the tail. Underparts are paler than the upperparts. Rump, upper hindlegs, front of the lower legs, tail base, tail tuft & chin are whitish. Capable of reaching a very fast 60-70 km/h at top speed.
Scent Glands: Preorbital & hoof.
Senses: Very good sight, hearing & sense of smell.
Horns: Both sexes carry horns. They are 60 cm long, are ringed, & have a 'Z'- shaped curvature. They are located in the centre of the head, & are flatened at the partially ridged base.

Distribution:
In 1985, populations were translocated from Malawi & were reintroduced in to KNP. They have bred successfully ever since their reintroduction. These antelope are found in Sourveld & Mopane shrubveld, in the grasslands adjoining savanna woodland in the Pretoriuskop area, and 25 km south of Punda Maria.

Behaviour:
Mostly diurnal. They form herds of 10-20 individuals, comprising a territorial bull, cows & calves. Both sexes defend the territory, ranging in size from 0,3-3 km2. Territories include elevated areas, such as termite mounds, which are used as lookou points. These vantage points are also used by bulls as territorial markers. Territories are marked with preorbital gland secretions, ground pawing, vegetation horning, ground horning & with dung heaps. At 10-12 months of age, young bulls either remain solitary or join bachelor herds of 2-4 individuals that remain on the fringes of the bull territories.

Calls: The alarm call is a sneeze-snort. Bulls often bellow loudly during territorial disputes.

Alarm Signals: Alert posture, foot stamping, style trotting & stotting. Flee in zig-zags with stiff-legged gait, with females taking the lead. Calves that cannot keep up with the herd lie flat & motionless, with ears pinned back.

Aggresion:
Horn threats, horn clashing, head tossing, ground horning, mock or real charges.

Reproduction:
Breed annually, peaking in September-October. A single calf, weighing 13-15 kg, is born after a gestation period of 8 months. It is born in thick cover, & remains hidden for 2 weeks. The calf is weaned at 4 months.

Diet:
Graze on medium to tall grasses, favouring perenial grasses. Also fond of new sprouting grasses after fires. Tend to graze during the cooler hours of the day, when the moisture content of grass is higher. Water dependant, drinking regularly when water is available, but can go without water for several weeks.

Habitat:
Grassland floodplains & open savanna grassland adjacent to open savanna woodland & bushland. In KNP, found in mopane shrubveld habitats, & in the sourveld bordering mixed bush-willow woodland.

Source: Field Guide to the Mammals of the Kruger National Park- Heike Schutze
Last edited by MarkWildDog on Tue Sep 26, 2006 12:27 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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DDW
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Unread post by DDW » Fri Sep 15, 2006 2:44 pm

Have only seen this species once in the Kruger - a lone female was grazing with a herd of impala at Renosterpan (close to Afsaal PS) on the 19th of August 2001.

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Peter Betts
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Unread post by Peter Betts » Fri Sep 15, 2006 6:18 pm

I've only seen them up north around Babalala
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Bush Baptist
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Unread post by Bush Baptist » Sat Sep 16, 2006 5:05 pm

Saw one years ago between Mopani and Letaba.

This one was sitting on the H2-2, about 2 km south east of the Jock memorial, last month.

Image

It was curiously enough in the company of this tsessebe.

Image

Stephen of BnD, tells me that the fence behind is for an enclosure where the LH are, and this one might have escaped and found a cross species friend!
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MarkWildDog
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Unread post by MarkWildDog » Sat Sep 16, 2006 7:49 pm

Wow, BB, thats Amazing :shock:
Imagine if they interbreeded :shock:
Maybe that LH is Akon :hmz:

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Unread post by Richprins » Mon Apr 16, 2007 6:43 pm

A friend of mine saw 4 adults near Pretoriuskop on Saturday.

Seems they are hanging on in that area.

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Yves
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Unread post by Yves » Thu Jun 21, 2007 6:11 pm

Saw 2 adults and a younger one about 5km down the dirt road from Pretoriaskop towards Afsaal on Tuesday morning.


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