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Media Release: SA commits to signing MoU with Vietnam to address rhino poaching

23 October 2012

Contrary to recent media reports, both countries are still committed to entering into an MoU and discussions on a future date for both ministers to sign the MoU are already underway.

Government is convinced that for South Africa to effectively deal with the current scourge of poaching, and with illegal hunting largely driven by international demand for the rhino horn, these international engagements and agreements are crucial. This as the latest rhino poaching statistics indicate that a total of 467 rhinos have been lost to illegal killings since the beginning of this year. The Kruger National Park remains the hardest hit having lost 281 rhinos. The provinces most affected by rhino poaching are KwaZulu Natal, Limpopo and the North West, collectively accounting for 152 rhinos lost to illegal killings since the beginning of this year. A total of 208 people have been arrested in connection with rhino related activities. 

In September 2011, the governments of Vietnam and South Africa agreed on a process towards the finalisation of the MoU that will see the collaboration of natural resource management, wildlife protection and law enforcement. South Africa had hoped to sign the MoU at the recently held 11th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP11) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in India which was concluded last week.

The objective of the MoU is to promote cooperation between the two countries in the field of biodiversity conservation and protection, law enforcement and compliance with CITES on the basis of equity and mutual benefit. The two countries have agreed that the MoU and the subsequent implementation plan allow co-operation in areas of biodiversity conservation, biodiversity law enforcement, wildlife trade, information and intelligence sharing and gathering, permit issuing processes and verification mechanisms, monitoring and reporting systems, technology development and sharing, capacity building and training, prosecution and law enforcement, awareness, knowledge and research, custom services and legal systems within which the two countries operate.


Total number of rhinos killed this year:

KNP (SANParks) 146 252 281
MNP (SANParks) 0 6 3
GP 15 9 1
LIM 52 74 49
MP 17 31 21
NW 57 21 48
EC 4 11 7
FS 3 4 0
KZN 38 34 55
WC 0 6 2
NC 1 0 0
TOTAL 333 448 467


Thus far, 208 individuals have been arrested in connection with rhino poaching. 180 of the arrested are poachers, 10 are receivers and 18 are couriers.

Number of arrests:

KNP (SANParks) 52 82 67
MNP (SANParks) 0 0 0
Gauteng (GP) 26 16 10
Limpopo (LIM) 34 34 36
Mpumalanga (MP) 57 73 16
North West (NW) 21 21 2
Eastern Cape (EC) 0 2 7
Free State (FS) 6 0 0
KZN 11 4 25
Western Cape (WC) 0 0 2
Northern Cape (NC) 1 0 0
TOTAL 208 232 165

Members of the public are urged to report incidents of rhino poaching or any tip-offs that could lead to arrests and prevention of illegal killings to 0800 205 005.

Issued by:
The Department of Environmental Affairs on 22 October 2012.

Media queries:
Albi Modise
083 490 2871