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Flora and Fauna


Sighting the "Big Five" has become something of a quest for many people when on safari, and the Kruger National Park has more than its fair share of these, with an estimated 1,500 lion, 12,000 elephant, 2,500 buffalo, 1,000 leopards and 5,000 rhino (black and white). It should certainly not be a pre-requisite of a safari to see these or even a priority, as there are plenty of other fascinating animals and birds in the African bush.

Kruger is one of the premier game-watching destinations in the world. Approximately 145 mammal species occur in the park. It is possible to see all the classical African big game, including elephant (KNP Elephant Census Summary), black and white rhino, hippopotamus, giraffe, zebra, buffalo, warthog and many antelope species. Large carnivores include lion, leopard, cheetah, wild dog and spotted hyena. There are also many smaller mammals equally enticing species. Here is a checklist of the most visible species.


With the Kruger National Park being so vast it naturally has a tremendous botanic diversity. Simplistically the Kruger National Park can be divided into 16 macro ecozones. The northern half of the park, north of the Olifants River is predominantly mopane veld, while south of the Olifants the ecozones are thornveld. There are 336 tree species in the park.

Prevalent or striking species:


Red Bushwillow

Common Cluster Fig

Common Coral Tree

Delagoa Thorn

Fever Tree

Lowveld Fig


Knob Thorn


Natal Mahogany


Monkey Orange


Transvaal Mustard Tree

Lala Palm

Raisin Bush

Sausage Tree


Round-leafed Teak

Protected Trees of the KNP

(Government Gazette No. 26752 of 10 September 2004)

Of the 47 species listed, 17 (36%) occur in the KNP

Adansonia digitata

Philenoptera violacea

Afzelia quanzensis

Pterocarpus angolensis

Balanites maughamii

Securidaca longepedunculata

Boscia albitrunca

Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra

Breonadia salicina

Sideroxylon inerme subsp. inerme

Catha edulis

Warburgia salutaris

Cleistanthus schlechteri var. schlechteri


Combretum imberbe


Elaeodendron transvaalensis


Newtonia hildebrandtii var. hildebrandtii



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