Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea)
Bird in breeding plumage photographed next to the walk way to Geelbek hide in the West Coast National ParkOther names:
French: Bécasseau cocorli
The Curlew Sandpiper, Calidris ferruginea
is a small wader.
This species breeding habitat is tundra in arctic north Siberia. The male performs an aerial display during courtship. They nest on the ground in the tundra, laying 3-4 eggs.
Curlew Sandpiper is strongly migratory, wintering mainly in Africa, but also in south and southeast Asia and Australasia.
These birds forage in soft mud on marshes and the coast, mainly picking up food by sight. They mostly eat insects and other small invertebrates.
These birds are small waders, with a down curved bill and a white rump. The breeding adult has patterned dark grey upperparts and brick-red underparts.
In winter (our summer when they are in South Africa), this bird is pale grey above and white below, and shows an obvious white supercilium. Juveniles have grey and brown backs, white belly and a peach-coloured breast.
The Curlew Sandpiper is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.