Skip to Content

Hyaena, Brown

Find, identify and discuss the animals of all the SANParks

Moderator: RosemaryH

gwendolen
Distinguished Virtual Ranger
Distinguished Virtual Ranger
Posts: 5030
Joined: Mon Jan 17, 2005 5:57 pm

Hyaena, Brown

Unread postby gwendolen » Thu Apr 14, 2005 4:10 pm

Brown hyena (Parahyaena brunnea)

Classification:
Order: Carnivora
Family: Hyaenidae
Genus: Parahyaena

Other names
Afrikaans: Bruin Hiëna
French: Hyène brune
German: Schabrackenhyäne
Dutch: Bruine hyena
Portuguese: Hiena castanha

Brown hyena (Strandwolf) are medium sized with long legs and a sloping back. Their ears are long and pointed. Long coarse dark brown to black hair covers most of the body except the head and neck, which are grey, and the legs, which are covered with brown and grey bars.

Unlike the spotted hyena, the males and females of this species are practically indistinguishable. Their clans are also smaller, ranging between 4 to 15 members. Brown hyenas are commonly killed by people, lions, and spotted hyenas.

The brown hyena lives mainly in the Kalahari and Namib deserts of southern Africa. It is smaller than the Spotted Hyena, and unlike its spotted cousin, is largely a scavenger. It is the largest land animal to derive most of its diet from scavenging. Because of the scarcity of food in the desert, the brown hyena supplements its diet with fruit and vegetables.
Last edited by gwendolen on Mon Apr 17, 2006 10:12 am, edited 1 time in total.

User avatar
Jay
Senior Virtual Ranger
Senior Virtual Ranger
Posts: 1451
Joined: Sun Sep 04, 2005 7:10 pm
Location: Golden Mile,West Coast, CFG

Unread postby Jay » Sat Sep 10, 2005 5:53 pm

Just a little background info on the brown hyena: mainly active at night, sometimes at dawn and dusk and they tend to avoid areas where spotted hyena are active.... so, this would make spotting them pretty difficult I reckon and a rare treat, oh and they are categorised as "rare" too!

User avatar
Imberbe
Distinguished Virtual Ranger
Distinguished Virtual Ranger
Posts: 14420
Joined: Wed Aug 31, 2005 12:28 am
Location: Pretoria, RSA

Brown Hyena

Unread postby Imberbe » Sat Jan 14, 2006 10:57 pm

Brown Hyena

It would be really difficult to distinguish between the spoor of a Brown and a Spotted Hyena in the bush.
You need a real expert there.
Main differences would be in the size of the spoor, as the Spotted is bigger.
Liebenberg also mentions that in Hyena the back feet are smaller than the front feet, since more weight is carried on the front feet.
Then he states that the difference in size between the back and front feet of the Brown is more pronounced than those of the Spotted!!
Imberbe = Combretum imberbe = Leadwood = Hardekool = The spirit of the Wildernis!

Want to know more about the SANParks Honorary Rangers? Visit www.sanparkshr.org


One positive deed is worth more than a thousand critical words.

User avatar
MarkWildDog
Virtual Ranger
Virtual Ranger
Posts: 862
Joined: Fri Dec 30, 2005 10:33 am

Unread postby MarkWildDog » Wed Aug 09, 2006 1:31 pm

They are found rarely at Lower Sabie and Letaba / Mopani & Shingwedzi areas of KNP.

User avatar
Wild about cats
Virtual Ranger
Virtual Ranger
Posts: 2437
Joined: Fri May 12, 2006 4:10 pm
Location: SA
Contact:

Unread postby Wild about cats » Wed Aug 16, 2006 5:36 pm

I hear that they are really hard to find. Has anybody seen one?

User avatar
Imberbe
Distinguished Virtual Ranger
Distinguished Virtual Ranger
Posts: 14420
Joined: Wed Aug 31, 2005 12:28 am
Location: Pretoria, RSA

Unread postby Imberbe » Thu Aug 17, 2006 12:49 am

Yes, but not in Kruger.

I have seen them a couple of times in Rietvlei NR in Pretoria. They would also be more common in Kgalagadi etc. where there is a lower concentration of lion and spotted hyena. They can't compete against these stronger predators. They are also often found outside protected areas and even urban areas. They are real nomads.
:wink:
Imberbe = Combretum imberbe = Leadwood = Hardekool = The spirit of the Wildernis!

Want to know more about the SANParks Honorary Rangers? Visit www.sanparkshr.org


One positive deed is worth more than a thousand critical words.

Penny
Junior Virtual Ranger
Junior Virtual Ranger
Posts: 899
Joined: Sat Jan 15, 2005 1:29 pm
Location: Durban, Kwa Zulu Natal, SA

Unread postby Penny » Thu Aug 17, 2006 6:38 pm

We saw a brown hyaena at Kumana dam - a long, long time ago - in fact it is nearly 20 years ago. I believe that their status in KNP is classified as "uncertain".
NO BAIL - JAIL AND NO TRADE IN RHINO HORN EVER!
[color=#FF0000]NO TO BUILDING OF HOTELS IN THE KRUGER NATIONAL PARK[/color
24 Sept 2015 Hlane, 25-2 Burchells, 2-4 Elephant Plains, 4-7 Satara, 7-9 Pretoriouskop, 9-15 Ngwenya, 16 Hluhluwe
The addiction is fed once again

User avatar
Wild about cats
Virtual Ranger
Virtual Ranger
Posts: 2437
Joined: Fri May 12, 2006 4:10 pm
Location: SA
Contact:

Unread postby Wild about cats » Fri Aug 18, 2006 10:55 am

Some believe that they move from KNP to other parks around it...

Donn1nger_69
Posts: 17
Joined: Sat Jul 29, 2006 12:46 pm
Location: Sandton Johannesburg
Contact:

Brown Hyena

Unread postby Donn1nger_69 » Sat Mar 31, 2007 3:52 pm

Does any one know if there are brown hyenas in KNP and if anyone has seen them can they please say where. As i am hoping to see one on my trip. I here there are but they are extremely rare can anyone confirm for me

User avatar
richardharris
Junior Virtual Ranger
Junior Virtual Ranger
Posts: 538
Joined: Sun Sep 04, 2005 3:04 pm
Location: Nottinghamshire UK

Unread postby richardharris » Sat Mar 31, 2007 7:51 pm

I think you will have to be very lucky to see one! Most of those who claim to know (and I am not one) are not certain of its status in the Park. It may not be permanently resident - but if it is it is rare but most likely to be seen in the north west.

They are also apparently more nocturnal than the common spotted hyaena thus less likely to be seen.

If you really want to see one the KNP is not the place to visit!

Richard

Readles
Posts: 21
Joined: Wed Sep 06, 2006 4:55 pm

Unread postby Readles » Sat Mar 31, 2007 10:34 pm

We thought we had a fleeting sighting near Satara about 10 years ago. I agree that if you want to see them, do not go to KNP.

There is a game reserve next to Sun City where I have seen them more often

User avatar
Johann
Senior Virtual Ranger
Senior Virtual Ranger
Posts: 939
Joined: Sat Apr 02, 2005 8:29 am
Location: Stuck in Gauteng

Unread postby Johann » Mon Apr 02, 2007 9:13 am

Try Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. Think it is your best bet.

If I remember correctly there's one hanging around Nossob camp. Seen a few times (by other people :( )during my visit in April 2006.
Look deep into nature, and then you will understand everything better.
Albert Einstein

Latest lifers from Kruger NP:
Black Coucal Centropus grillii Swartvleiloerie
Flappet Lark Mirafra rufocinnamomea Laeveldklappertjie

User avatar
Katja
Virtual Ranger
Virtual Ranger
Posts: 438
Joined: Wed Jan 12, 2005 3:12 pm
Location: Denmark

Unread postby Katja » Mon Apr 02, 2007 6:08 pm

I saw one at the waterhole at Grootkolk camp (KTP) last month. Unfortunately, it was too dark to take photos.
KTP: November 2014
KNP: March 2015

User avatar
Batsman
Junior Virtual Ranger
Junior Virtual Ranger
Posts: 386
Joined: Wed Sep 13, 2006 9:00 am
Location: 51 56 26.43 N 07 36 36.94 E

Unread postby Batsman » Tue Apr 03, 2007 9:09 am

I also agree with Johann. We we saw a brown hyena in february this year at Bitterpan drinking from the waterhole.

The hyena was chased away by some oryx and returned after the oryx finished drinking.

We found footprints of brown hyena in our Mabuasehube camping ground, too.

User avatar
madach
Senior Virtual Ranger
Senior Virtual Ranger
Posts: 769
Joined: Tue Jan 18, 2005 9:55 pm

Unread postby madach » Tue Apr 03, 2007 10:19 am

Penny wrote:we also saw that brown hyaena from the hide at Nossob. In fact it was the only brown hyaena we saw in the 15 days we spent in KTP, a fact which astounded me as I thought they were fairly common there.

I don't think the brown hyaena is common anywhere. In the KTP I've seen them three times, each time in the area between Leeudril and Melkvlei waterhole.

I'm going to the KTP again next week for a 10 day trip. Brown Hyaena is number one on my wishlist.

[Edit by DB]


Return to “Mammals”