Skip to Content

South Africa's spitting snakes

Find, identify & discuss the marine species of SANParks
User avatar
wildtuinman
Legendary Virtual Ranger
Legendary Virtual Ranger
Posts: 5470
Joined: Thu Dec 02, 2004 10:27 am
Location: Chasing down the rarities

South Africa's spitting snakes

Unread postby wildtuinman » Thu Apr 17, 2008 10:02 am

Experts, please correct me if I am wrong.

Not many non-snake people knows this, but there are only 4 snakes in SA that can "spit" (squirting it out thru the hollow opening in its fangs) their venom.

They are:

Mozambique spitting cobra.
Black spitting cobra.
Rinkhals.
Zebra snake.

prinslft
Posts: 14
Joined: Thu Mar 06, 2008 3:04 pm
Location: Secunda

Zebra snake

Unread postby prinslft » Fri Apr 18, 2008 2:00 pm

:redface: This is a snake I have never heard of could some one please enligthen me?

If it was renamed from which snake was this renamed from?
Any pictures available? Where does this snake originate from and what is the spread of the snake. Any info will be appreciated.

Thanks
Frik :mrgreen:
Take only Photo`s from nature and leave only footprints

Jumbo

Re: South Africa's spitting snakes

Unread postby Jumbo » Mon Apr 21, 2008 11:43 am

Hi WT
I’m no expert, but I have a great book :D
According to “A Complete Guide to the snakes of Southern Africa” by Johan Marais, the only two SA snakes that actually spit, are the Moz Cobra and the Rinkhals.

The Black-necked Spitting Cobra, the Black Spitting Cobra and the Zebra Cobra, do not actually “spit” their venom but rather squirt it, although the word “spit” is commonly used…..and they can do this “squirting” for 2 or more meters. As the Moz cobra, they can also “spit’ from any position, even when concealed in a rock crevice.
These three snakes are all subspecies of Naja nigricollis. Only one of the three is found in SA, the Black Spitting Cobra (the Zebra Cobra is found in Namibia). For many years the Black Spitting Cobra was believed to be a black variety of the Cape Cobra. It is listed as rare in the SA Red Data Book and found in the dry western parts of SA.

User avatar
wildtuinman
Legendary Virtual Ranger
Legendary Virtual Ranger
Posts: 5470
Joined: Thu Dec 02, 2004 10:27 am
Location: Chasing down the rarities

Unread postby wildtuinman » Wed Apr 30, 2008 7:34 am

Thanks Jumbo, very interesting indeed. I actually made a mistake with the topic's heading. It should read: "Southern Africa's "spitting" snakes." :lol:

User avatar
jesica
Posts: 118
Joined: Sat Nov 13, 2010 1:03 pm
Location: Johannesburg

Re: South Africa's spitting snakes

Unread postby jesica » Wed Apr 16, 2014 2:40 pm

This Cobra is a subspecies of the Black-Necked Spitting Cobra (Naja nigricollis).
This snake can reach lengths of 1.5 meters. The distribution of this subspecies streches from Southern Angola all through the Namib Desert to Central Namibia.
Photography shows us all the priceless moments

User avatar
NetEk
Virtual Ranger
Virtual Ranger
Posts: 1100
Joined: Tue Mar 09, 2010 3:43 pm
Location: JHB

Re: South Africa's spitting snakes

Unread postby NetEk » Wed Apr 16, 2014 4:13 pm

Image

Rinkhals.

Image

And if memory services me this is the Mozambican Spitting cobra.


Before you through me with stones I was doing a cource in venoms snake handeling not playing with them..... :twisted:
I live in my own little world. But it's okay they know me here.

User avatar
H. erectus
Junior Virtual Ranger
Junior Virtual Ranger
Posts: 1168
Joined: Fri Dec 25, 2009 5:03 pm
Location: On my stoep. Sell by date not expired yet!!

Re: South Africa's spitting snakes

Unread postby H. erectus » Wed Apr 16, 2014 6:28 pm

We have a problem with rinkals here where we live,.
The latest visitor being , if not fully grown and they
seem much darker however the pattern on the back
resembles. This one seems much fatter too.

Just maybe the photographic value is deceiving.
It cannot be made more or less for that matter but it can be altered to suit.- The universe.

User avatar
Meandering Mouse
Legendary Virtual Ranger
Legendary Virtual Ranger
Posts: 14954
Joined: Tue Jun 07, 2005 8:47 pm
Location: meandering between senility and menopause

Re: South Africa's spitting snakes

Unread postby Meandering Mouse » Wed Apr 16, 2014 6:35 pm

That looks like a pretty serious snake, Netek :big_eyes:

H.E, I have Rinkals here, but it is the puff adder that really scares me.

My mother, who stays with me, had a classic Rinkals encounter, where she thought the snake had died.

The Rinkals does play dead.
The bird doesn't sing because it has answers, it sings because it has a song.

User avatar
jesica
Posts: 118
Joined: Sat Nov 13, 2010 1:03 pm
Location: Johannesburg

Re: South Africa's spitting snakes

Unread postby jesica » Thu Apr 17, 2014 7:06 am

Nice photo
Photography shows us all the priceless moments

User avatar
H. erectus
Junior Virtual Ranger
Junior Virtual Ranger
Posts: 1168
Joined: Fri Dec 25, 2009 5:03 pm
Location: On my stoep. Sell by date not expired yet!!

Re: South Africa's spitting snakes

Unread postby H. erectus » Thu Apr 17, 2014 7:32 pm

Tell me about it Mouse. They feign death so perfect.

Had one instance, and always it seems that these
snakes are smart enough to take refuge to a room
on the property most laden and packed with stuff,...

When leaving my garage, exiting, one jack russell did
strange movements and growled looking past me at
a low angle. It seemed strange, I have learn't and
stopped dead still, looking down at the corner outside
the door,...

The dog acted strangely before me,..
Instinctively I knew stepping furher and sure as damn
is a swearword there it stood in full spleandour sharing
space with me!!!

Then all hell began!, uprooting the entire storage space.

Having lost a dear Jack Russell to rinkhals once before,
this one posed to be a problem. I needed it out,..

and ended killing it or so I believed.,.. using brooms
and rakes and you name it. I assured self that this
blessed animal had succumbed to my violence!!!!

Hooked it up by the tail against the wall, in the lean too,
now a total shambles for I needed to reassure my own
shock, by means of measurement!!! :doh:

Left the mortal animal dangling there while scrutinizing
some books for data,.... Just short of 1,200.00mm

Returning to remove it,... it reared at me,... :shock:

Since then I adopted a rather odd attitude toward these
animals!! ,..Namely,....

"Catch and dispatch",.. sounds redicolous,... :wink:
It cannot be made more or less for that matter but it can be altered to suit.- The universe.


Return to “Reptiles, Amphibians and Fish”