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How does a reserve become part of SANParks?

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cougar
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How does a reserve become part of SANParks?

Unread postby cougar » Sat Sep 15, 2007 6:57 pm

Hi everyone,

I'm not sure where to post this question. As a foreigner, I'm interested in learning a little more about why some of South Africa's premier parks are called National Parks (like Pilanesberg) but are not part of SANParks. Also, why is Hluhluwe-Umfolozi not a SANPark? Just curious.

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Re: How does a reserve become part of SANParks?

Unread postby gwendolen » Sat Sep 15, 2007 8:04 pm

Interesting question, cougar. I only know bits and pieces. Perhaps someone specialised in the history of all the parks and reserves in SA, can shed some light on it.

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Unread postby bert » Sat Sep 15, 2007 9:59 pm

In a nutshell
Historicaly you have national parks
Parks declared as a national monument, so to speak
Kruger was proclamed by the government
And provinces bought or declared natural areas as a park
Pilanesberg is provincial
Hluwluwe as well
SANparks is thus a semi-government organisation.

And recently they buy up new parts of land and create new
parks, but under the flag of SANparks. Marakele for eg.

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Unread postby looney_lea » Sun Sep 16, 2007 7:53 am

Very interesting Bert :D If anyone has anything to add - please do so as this was also one of my questions that i had in mind a while ago. :?

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Unread postby restio » Sun Sep 16, 2007 10:57 am

Bert has it right. There are national parks that SANParks, a statutory body, run. There are provincial parks that are run by provincial authorities. In the Western Cape, CapeNature runs 25 reserves. Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife runs more than 60 protected areas in KZN.
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Unread postby Senyetse » Mon Sep 17, 2007 7:43 am

It is quite confusing - you'd expect all national parks to be run by SANParks. :?
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Unread postby Bush Baptist » Mon Sep 17, 2007 12:37 pm

I am totally open to correction here, but the Cape and KZN identified conservation areas that were not considered of national interest and down the years proclaimed their own parks provincially. KZN are administered from Pietermarizburg, and Cape from CT.

Maybe the diversification is still warranted, because it all were consolidated there would be over 100, and provincialism and other political factors might arise. Both KZN & Cape are justifiably proud of their parks and achievements.

I think it works very well as is.
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Unread postby cougar » Mon Sep 17, 2007 4:53 pm

Thank you everyone for your answers. I think it's really interesting to see how different countries vary in how they manage their public lands.

I was curious about Pilanesberg because I had found more than 1 website that said it was a National Park, while others said it was a Game Reserve. Most of these website were tourism-oriented. Sometimes it's hard to get reliable information from them.

The administration of public parks, then, sounds similar to the U.S. We have National Parks as well as parks managed by the different states. Some of the state parks have much nicer facilities (like restrooms with showers, nicer landscaping at camping sites, etc.) than some of the National Parks. Sometimes there's lots of politics involved with that.

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Unread postby restio » Mon Sep 17, 2007 6:44 pm

cougar, I think it is indeed similar to the US system.

Pilanesberg is run by the North West Province parks authority.

I'm not sure what the "rules" are about who gets to call their park a "national" park. :? Perhaps someone from SANParks will know and answer?
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Unread postby WarthogB » Mon Sep 17, 2007 6:55 pm

restio wrote:cougar, I think it is indeed similar to the US system.

Pilanesberg is run by the North West Province parks authority.

I'm not sure what the "rules" are about who gets to call their park a "national" park. :? Perhaps someone from SANParks will know and answer?


Restio - I realise that I might be way off track and speculating but was not Pilanesburg part of the old Boputabatswana and therefore could call it a Natinal Park.???
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Unread postby restio » Mon Sep 17, 2007 7:01 pm

Good point, HP!

When we first visited Pilanesberg it was part of the "independent" homeland of Bophutatswana. Since the theory went that Bop was its own country, I guess that would have made it a "national" park, and perhaps it retained that name when Bop was reincorporated into SA.
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