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Birding school for ducklings.

Identify and index birds in Southern Africa

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barryels
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Re: Birding school for ducklings.

Unread postby barryels » Mon Mar 02, 2015 5:50 am

Thanks to everybody who participated in this challenge :D .

We had 9 participants for challenge #4 of 2015 and the results are as follows:

Two ‘mites had 3/5;
Two ‘mites had 4/5; and
Five ‘mites had 5/5

Great score by everyone and I can see that everybody is learning fast :clap: .

Here are the answers for this week. I have included some ID pointers for future reference as well as linked each bird to the index as further reference at the bottom of the post:

#1 Cardinal Woodpecker [ 9 ] Ad male: Forehead to mid-crown medium brown, hind crown and nape red; malar stripe blackish-brown. Lores, supercilium, ear coverts and throat white to greyish white, sparsely and finely streaked dark brown behind eye, on ear coverts and throat. Upper parts barred with alternating bands of blackish brown and white; tinged yellow or olive on rump and upper tail coverts. Tail brown with yellowish barring; shafts golden yellow. Underparts greyish white, thickly and densely streaked brownish black, tending to bars on lower flanks. Legs and feet greyish black.

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#2 Brown-crowned Tchagra [ 8 ] Ad: Forehead, crown and nape brown. Supercilium white, bordered above by thin black line (diagnostic). Lores black, colour extending as eye stripe well behind eye. Sides of face and ear coverts brown. Back tawny brown. Rump and upper tail coverts greyish brown. Tail black, rectrices with broad white tips, width increasing outwards. Chin whitish buff. Throat to belly pale tawny, breast and flanks tinged greyish. Bill black. Eyes brown or purple-brown, with pale inner rim. Legs and feet grey.

Image

#3 Sugarbird Cape. [ 7 ] Ad: Sexes alike in plumage coloration, male with much longer tail. Forehead straw-coloured, indistinctly streaked blackish. Crown blackish brown, feathers edged buff; nape blackish brown. Lores and ear coverts brownish. Malar stripe brown, bordered above by white stripe. Hind neck to mantle brown, blotched blackish. Back olive-brown, with diffuse black streaking. Rump and upper tail coverts yellowish olive green. Tail greyish, blackening distally. Chin and throat white to off-white. Upper and mid-breast brown, feather tips buffy, crescent-shaped. Lower breast and belly whitish or greyish white, with bold black and brown streaking, densest on sides. Flanks buff, heavily streaked dark brown. Undertail coverts bright yellow. Bill black. Eyes dark brown. Legs and feet black.

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#4 Ruff. [ 7 ] Ad non-br: Upper parts brownish grey and dully scaled. Dark feather centres have pale grey to grey-brown fringes and off-white tips, often with subterminal black dots on scapulars and tertials. Feathers at base of bill frequently white. Lateral upper tail coverts white, centre brownish black, tail dark grey, feathers narrowly bordered white. Upper wing coverts grey. Face to breast pale grey, feathers broadly fringed white; remainder of underparts white. Eyes dark brown. Legs and feet shades of yellow, pink, orange, vermilion or brown, sometimes with green or brown spots or patches.

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#5 Fairy Flycatcher [ 8 ] Ad: Crown to rump uniform dark, soft, blue-grey, very subtly tinged olive. Lores, ear coverts and cheeks black (forming mask); bordered above by narrow white supercilia that meet on frons, and below by white malar stripe. Narrow white line ca 3 mm long borders lower eyelid. Rump appears white when flank plumes overlie rump feathers. Upper tail coverts bluish black. Tail glossy black. Belly whitish, centre of belly creamy white, feathers with striking pink bases, not always clearly visible. Vent and undertail coverts whitish. Bill black, slender; rictal bristles present. Eyes dark sepia-brown. Legs and feet black.

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Read more about:

1. Cardinal Woodpecker
2. Brown-crowned Tchagra
3. Sugarbird Cape.
4. Ruff.
5. Fairy Flycatcher.
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barryels
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Re: Birding school for ducklings.

Unread postby barryels » Mon Mar 02, 2015 5:57 am

Morning All,

Here is challenge #5 of 2015.

I have added three extra birds to keep you a bit more busy, but still easy enough to learn some more :D .

1#

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2#

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3#

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4#

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5#

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6#

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7#

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8#

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Re: Birding school for ducklings.

Unread postby hilda » Mon Mar 02, 2015 6:04 am

Thank you for the answers and the new challenge barryels! :k

Glad to see that we had nine participants for challenge #4/2015! Only three short for the Raptor Guide to be won by a Duckling! Come on Ducklings! You can do it! I'm sure there are more than 12 Ducklings on the Forums! :dance: :dance:
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Re: Birding school for ducklings.

Unread postby Karin Mitton » Mon Mar 02, 2015 9:04 am

Oooo, some of these look juicy! :lol:

I am in Umhlanga for work, will definately send my guesses later this week when I am back with my books!

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Re: Birding school for ducklings.

Unread postby BrawlerO » Mon Mar 02, 2015 9:32 am

Looking forward to trying the latest challenge...
:D
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Re: Birding school for ducklings.

Unread postby umtali1 » Mon Mar 02, 2015 9:43 am

Thank you Barryels :thumbs_up: .Oooooh er! :think:
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Re: Birding school for ducklings.

Unread postby umtali1 » Wed Mar 04, 2015 4:23 pm

6/8 for #5 :lol: :lol: Happy with that especially as I had no.8 correct :dance: :dance: :dance: That's probably a first for me. I must have learned something down the line. Image

Hope there are lots more ducklings out there sending in answers soon. :pray: :pray: :gflower:
umtali1

2013 Mokala and KNP http://www.sanparks.org/forums/viewtopic.php?t=75574.
"A One Night Stand" current
"Cape Town to Namibia border" - Ebb and Flow, Karoo NP, Mokala, Augrabies & KTP TR's being prepared

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Re: Birding school for ducklings.

Unread postby Tessa G » Wed Mar 04, 2015 5:40 pm

Sending my answers soon...just starting on it now :D :D
TR: 11 DAYS BACK HOME IN KRUGER WITH TESSA AND DAVE 2014/2015

December 2015/2016 in Kruger - From Top to Tail
17 - 19 Punda Maria
20 - 22 Shingwedzi
23 - 25 Letaba
26 - 01 Tamboti
02 - 06 Lower Sabie

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Re: Birding school for ducklings.

Unread postby hilda » Thu Mar 05, 2015 7:23 am

Great score umtali1! :clap: :clap:
The secret of life is not to do what you like, but to like what you do. - Unknown.

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Re: Birding school for ducklings.

Unread postby Tessa G » Thu Mar 05, 2015 9:16 am

:dance: :dance: :dance:

7/8 :thumbs_up: But I have to be fair, I did get Dave's help with 3 of them....2 were right and 1 wrong, so going to go back to that one and see if I can crack it.

Hope there are more Ducklings joining in :D
TR: 11 DAYS BACK HOME IN KRUGER WITH TESSA AND DAVE 2014/2015

December 2015/2016 in Kruger - From Top to Tail
17 - 19 Punda Maria
20 - 22 Shingwedzi
23 - 25 Letaba
26 - 01 Tamboti
02 - 06 Lower Sabie

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Re: Birding school for ducklings.

Unread postby BrawlerO » Thu Mar 05, 2015 9:24 am

Struggling with this week's selection. I've got a few 'confidents' a few 'might bes' and a couple I don't have a scooby doo on! Very interesting though! :-)
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Re: Birding school for ducklings.

Unread postby barryels » Thu Mar 05, 2015 11:55 am

BrawlerO wrote:Struggling with this week's selection. I've got a few 'confidents' a few 'might bes' and a couple I don't have a scooby doo on! Very interesting though! :-)


You just try your best BrawlerO :thumbs_up: .

It is all part of learning more about these wonderful species that will keep us busy for years to come :D .
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Re: Birding school for ducklings.

Unread postby barryels » Mon Mar 09, 2015 9:15 am

Duckling Challenge #5 of 2015

Morning All,

For those who entered, thanks for the participation :thumbs_up: .

Just a little reminder to all participants and those ‘mites that are still unsure about participating. These challenges are done for fun and to learn by participating in them. It is not an examination. You don’t have to ID each bird if you cannot. Nobody knows what you have sent through and it is your choice to put your results on the forums if you wish.

Here are the results for this week:
Four ‘mites had 6/8
One ‘mite had 7/8

1# Long-billed Crombec: [ 5 ] Ad: Crown brownish grey, nape slightly buffier. Supercilium whitish to pale tawny. Lores dark grey, colour extending as stripe behind eye. Ear coverts and cheeks pale tawny. Remainder of upper parts, incl tail, brownish grey. Upper wing coverts and flight feathers brownish grey, primaries and secondaries edged paler. Underwings rufous-buff. Chin and throat buffy white, diffusely mottled grey. Remainder of underparts tawny cinnamon, colour most intense on belly and flanks. Bill blackish horn, base pinkish. Eyes pale to mid-brown. Legs and feet pinkish to yellowish brown. Confusing species: Red-faced Crombec is shorter-billed, with darker, more rufous and uniform face (lacking pale supercilium and dark eye stripe).

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2# Black Sparrowhawk: [ 4 ] Sexes alike in plumage coloration.Ad: Head, upper parts (incl upper wing coverts) and rump black. Nape and scapulars with white spots, not usually visible in field. Tail blackish brown, with 4 indistinct darker bars and broad, black tip. Flight feathers dark blackish brown, whitening towards bases of inner webs. Underwing coverts and axillaries white, barred and blotched black. Undersides of flight feathers pale grey, barred dark grey. Underparts vary along a continuum from almost pure white to wholly black. Lower flanks typically black; upper breast typically white. Darkest birds (sometimes termed 'melanistic form') have reduced barring in wings and tail, and usually with white throat. Generally rarest colour phase, but predominates 4:1 (n = 44) in W Cape26. Eyes vinaceous, occasionally amber. Bill blackish; cere yellow. Legs and feet yellow.

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3# Ashy Tit: [ 3 ] Ad: Cap extending through eyes to nape blue-black; hind neck white. White patch extends from base of lower mandible to cheeks and ear coverts. Back bluish grey, rump grey, upper tail coverts greyish black. Tail black, outermost rectrices, and occasionally T5, with white edges; all rectrices tipped white7. Wings grey-black when fresh, browner in worn plumage; flight feathers with narrow white to buff outer edges. Coverts and tertials black, narrowly fringed white. Chin, throat and breast black, colour extending in 'V'-shaped bib down centre of belly; sides of breast and flanks grey. Bill black. Eyes brown. Legs and feet grey. Confusing species: Grey Tit has less white on hind neck, back brownish (not bluish grey), and flanks buffy (not grey). Miombo Tit has less extensive black bib, pinkish white (not grey) flanks and pale grey (not white) outer edges to outer rectrices and tail tip.

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4# Brubru: [ 5 ] Ad male: Crown black, colour extending forwards as narrow triangle to base of bill. Supercilia white, broad and long, almost meeting on forehead and extending back to nape. Lores white, with blackish loral spot in front of eye. Ear coverts black, extending back to black nape. Mantle black laterally, buffy white centrally; scapulars white. Back black, with large white spots along midline. Rump feathers with grey bases, large white subterminal patches, and black tips; long and fluffy. Upper tail coverts black. Tail black, outer rectrices tipped white. Primary coverts black, each with large white oval patch along inner web. Greater coverts black, three innermost feathers with broad white to cream outer margins and tips. Median coverts cream to white, lesser coverts black. Primaries black, with narrow white edges; secondaries and tertials black, but 3 inner secondaries with broad white outer margins. White in wing forms conspicuous bar on folded wing. Undersides of flight feathers grey, with white inner margins. Underwing coverts and axillaries white. Underparts white, with chestnut patches from sides of breast to lower flanks. Bill black, hooked; upper mandible with prominent notch. Eyes dark reddish brown. Legs and feet grey. Confusing species: Superficially resembles batises, but latter much smaller, with yellow or orange (not dark) eyes; no batis has such a broad and long supercilium. Black-backed Puffback larger, with underparts wholly white.

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5# Orange-breasted Sunbird: [b][ 5 ] [/b]Ad male: Head, neck, upper mantle and upper scapulars metallic bottle green. Remainder of upper parts olive green. Tail brown, rectrices edged olive green; long and graduated, central rectrices projecting ca 20 mm. Lesser upper wing coverts metallic bottle green, remainder of coverts dark brown, edged olive green. Flight feathers dark brown, edged yellowish olive. Pectoral tufts yellow. Axillaries and underwing coverts pale olive green. Upper breast with narrow violet band; mid- to lower breast orange, paling to yellow belly and orange-tinged undertail coverts. Bill black. Eyes dark brown. Legs and feet black. Ad female: Crown, ear coverts and sides of neck olive green, tinged brownish. Remainder of upper parts olive greenish grey. Tail dark brown, rectrices edged yellowish olive. Upper wing coverts dark brown, edged olive green. Flight feathers dark brown, edged yellowish olive. Underparts olivaceous yellow, belly sometimes tinged orange. Wings and tail blackish.

Image

6# Yellow-bellied Greenbul: [ 5 ] Ad: Forehead to upper tail coverts olive green, slightly browner on crown, where feathers elongated into shaggy crest; rump yellowish. Lores and face brownish. Rectrices olive green, edged green, tipped pale when fresh. Shafts of rectrices brown above, pale yellow below. Flight feathers olive-brown, with green inner margins above, yellowish outer margins below. Axillaries and underwing coverts yellow. Chin whitish to pale yellow, throat pale yellow. Remainder of underparts rich yellow, with brownish cast to breast. Bill purplish or blackish, with paler cutting edges. Eyes brown, red-brown or bright red; eye ring white, broadest above eye. Legs and feet grey or blackish. Juv: As ad, but duller and paler. Eyes grey, becoming red at ca 6 mo. Confusing species: Smaller Sombre Greenbul has greener underparts, olive-grey (not bright yellow) underwings, whitish (not dark) eye, without white eye ring, and lacks shaggy crest.

Image

7# Grey-backed Cisticola: [ 1 ] Ad: Forehead and crown dark rufous-brown, faintly streaked blackish; supercilium paler, indistinct. Lores, cheeks and ear coverts buffy brown, finely streaked below eyes. Nape, mantle and back dark brown, feather edges paler greyish brown, giving streaked appearance. Rump sparsely streaked dark brown. Tail brown, central rectrices plain, remainder with broad subterminal spot or bar and pale brown tips. Wing coverts and scapulars streaked with dark brown, feathers with greyish-brown edges. Flight feathers dark brown, primaries with reddish-brown margins on both webs; inner margins of secondaries reddish brown. Chin and throat buffy white, breast greyish white; remainder of underparts pale buffy, darkest on flanks. Underparts with extensive fine, dark streaking, concentrated on sides of breast and flanks. Bill grey. Eyes brown. Legs and feet pinkish flesh. Juv: As ad, but upper parts duller, underparts faintly washed yellowish. Confusing species: Very similar Wailing Cisticola has plain warm buff (not grey and streaked) breast. Levaillant's Cisticola has black-and-brown (not grey-and-brown) streaked back, contrasting strongly with brighter chestnut crown and tail.

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8# Dark Chanting Goshawk: [ 4 ] Ad: Upper parts, incl head, grey. Upper tail coverts narrowly barred grey and white, central rectrices black, tipped white; remainder of tail broadly barred black and white1. Upper wing coverts grey, feathers with dark shafts. Flight feathers indistinctly barred grey and dark grey; little contrast between primaries and secondaries, but outer primaries broadly tipped blackish. Underwing coverts white, very finely barred grey, contrasting with dark flight feathers. Chin to upper breast grey. Remainder of underparts white, finely barred grey. Bill basally red, distally dark grey; cere and adjacent naked facial skin red. Eyes dark brown. Legs and feet red. Confusing species: Pale Chanting Goshawk larger, less compact, and paler grey, with longer legs, whitish upper tail coverts, contrasting primaries and secondaries, and pale grey patch in folded wing.

Image

Read more about:

Long-billed Crombec

Black Sparrowhawk

Ashy Tit

Brubru

Orange-breasted Sunbird

Yellow-bellied Greenbul

Grey-backed Cisticola

Dark Chanting Goshawk
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hilda
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Re: Birding school for ducklings.

Unread postby hilda » Mon Mar 09, 2015 10:22 am

Duckling Challenge no. 6/2015

Good morning all Ducklings!

Here is Duckling Challenge #6/2015. This is probably the easiest challenge you had so far, but since it is the first time I am posting one, I have decided to be very lenient!

Kindly PM your answers to me on or before midnight on Sunday, 15 March 2015, and remember, the Raptor Guide needs to be won as soon as there are 12 participants!

1.
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2.
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3.
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4.
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5.
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6.
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7.
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8.
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Enjoy! :gflower:
The secret of life is not to do what you like, but to like what you do. - Unknown.

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Re: Birding school for ducklings.

Unread postby umtali1 » Mon Mar 09, 2015 12:07 pm

Thank you Hilda for the new challenge :gflower:

Thank you Barryels for the answers. Stupid mistake on one of my answers :doh:
umtali1

2013 Mokala and KNP http://www.sanparks.org/forums/viewtopic.php?t=75574.
"A One Night Stand" current
"Cape Town to Namibia border" - Ebb and Flow, Karoo NP, Mokala, Augrabies & KTP TR's being prepared


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