Duckling Challenge #5 of 2015
For those who entered, thanks for the participation
.Just a little reminder to all participants and those ‘mites that are still unsure about participating. These challenges are done for fun and to learn by participating in them. It is not an examination. You don’t have to ID each bird if you cannot. Nobody knows what you have sent through and it is your choice to put your results on the forums if you wish.
Here are the results for this week:
Four ‘mites had 6/8
One ‘mite had 7/8
1# Long-billed Crombec: [ 5 ] Ad
: Crown brownish grey, nape slightly buffier. Supercilium whitish to pale tawny. Lores dark grey, colour extending as stripe behind eye. Ear coverts and cheeks pale tawny. Remainder of upper parts, incl tail, brownish grey. Upper wing coverts and flight feathers brownish grey, primaries and secondaries edged paler. Underwings rufous-buff. Chin and throat buffy white, diffusely mottled grey. Remainder of underparts tawny cinnamon, colour most intense on belly and flanks. Bill blackish horn, base pinkish. Eyes pale to mid-brown. Legs and feet pinkish to yellowish brown. Confusing species: Red-faced Crombec is shorter-billed, with darker, more rufous and uniform face (lacking pale supercilium and dark eye stripe).
2# Black Sparrowhawk: [ 4 ]
Sexes alike in plumage coloration.Ad: Head, upper parts (incl upper wing coverts) and rump black. Nape and scapulars with white spots, not usually visible in field. Tail blackish brown, with 4 indistinct darker bars and broad, black tip. Flight feathers dark blackish brown, whitening towards bases of inner webs. Underwing coverts and axillaries white, barred and blotched black. Undersides of flight feathers pale grey, barred dark grey. Underparts vary along a continuum from almost pure white to wholly black. Lower flanks typically black; upper breast typically white. Darkest birds (sometimes termed 'melanistic form') have reduced barring in wings and tail, and usually with white throat. Generally rarest colour phase, but predominates 4:1 (n = 44) in W Cape26. Eyes vinaceous, occasionally amber. Bill blackish; cere yellow. Legs and feet yellow.
3# Ashy Tit: [ 3 ] Ad
: Cap extending through eyes to nape blue-black; hind neck white. White patch extends from base of lower mandible to cheeks and ear coverts. Back bluish grey, rump grey, upper tail coverts greyish black. Tail black, outermost rectrices, and occasionally T5, with white edges; all rectrices tipped white7. Wings grey-black when fresh, browner in worn plumage; flight feathers with narrow white to buff outer edges. Coverts and tertials black, narrowly fringed white. Chin, throat and breast black, colour extending in 'V'-shaped bib down centre of belly; sides of breast and flanks grey. Bill black. Eyes brown. Legs and feet grey. Confusing species: Grey Tit has less white on hind neck, back brownish (not bluish grey), and flanks buffy (not grey). Miombo Tit has less extensive black bib, pinkish white (not grey) flanks and pale grey (not white) outer edges to outer rectrices and tail tip.
4# Brubru: [ 5 ] Ad male
: Crown black, colour extending forwards as narrow triangle to base of bill. Supercilia white, broad and long, almost meeting on forehead and extending back to nape. Lores white, with blackish loral spot in front of eye. Ear coverts black, extending back to black nape. Mantle black laterally, buffy white centrally; scapulars white. Back black, with large white spots along midline. Rump feathers with grey bases, large white subterminal patches, and black tips; long and fluffy. Upper tail coverts black. Tail black, outer rectrices tipped white. Primary coverts black, each with large white oval patch along inner web. Greater coverts black, three innermost feathers with broad white to cream outer margins and tips. Median coverts cream to white, lesser coverts black. Primaries black, with narrow white edges; secondaries and tertials black, but 3 inner secondaries with broad white outer margins. White in wing forms conspicuous bar on folded wing. Undersides of flight feathers grey, with white inner margins. Underwing coverts and axillaries white. Underparts white, with chestnut patches from sides of breast to lower flanks. Bill black, hooked; upper mandible with prominent notch. Eyes dark reddish brown. Legs and feet grey. Confusing species: Superficially resembles batises, but latter much smaller, with yellow or orange (not dark) eyes; no batis has such a broad and long supercilium. Black-backed Puffback larger, with underparts wholly white.
5# Orange-breasted Sunbird: [b][ 5 ]
: Head, neck, upper mantle and upper scapulars metallic bottle green. Remainder of upper parts olive green. Tail brown, rectrices edged olive green; long and graduated, central rectrices projecting ca 20 mm. Lesser upper wing coverts metallic bottle green, remainder of coverts dark brown, edged olive green. Flight feathers dark brown, edged yellowish olive. Pectoral tufts yellow. Axillaries and underwing coverts pale olive green. Upper breast with narrow violet band; mid- to lower breast orange, paling to yellow belly and orange-tinged undertail coverts. Bill black. Eyes dark brown. Legs and feet black. Ad female: Crown, ear coverts and sides of neck olive green, tinged brownish. Remainder of upper parts olive greenish grey. Tail dark brown, rectrices edged yellowish olive. Upper wing coverts dark brown, edged olive green. Flight feathers dark brown, edged yellowish olive. Underparts olivaceous yellow, belly sometimes tinged orange. Wings and tail blackish.
6# Yellow-bellied Greenbul: [ 5 ] Ad
: Forehead to upper tail coverts olive green, slightly browner on crown, where feathers elongated into shaggy crest; rump yellowish. Lores and face brownish. Rectrices olive green, edged green, tipped pale when fresh. Shafts of rectrices brown above, pale yellow below. Flight feathers olive-brown, with green inner margins above, yellowish outer margins below. Axillaries and underwing coverts yellow. Chin whitish to pale yellow, throat pale yellow. Remainder of underparts rich yellow, with brownish cast to breast. Bill purplish or blackish, with paler cutting edges. Eyes brown, red-brown or bright red; eye ring white, broadest above eye. Legs and feet grey or blackish. Juv: As ad, but duller and paler. Eyes grey, becoming red at ca 6 mo. Confusing species: Smaller Sombre Greenbul has greener underparts, olive-grey (not bright yellow) underwings, whitish (not dark) eye, without white eye ring, and lacks shaggy crest.
7# Grey-backed Cisticola: [ 1 ] Ad
: Forehead and crown dark rufous-brown, faintly streaked blackish; supercilium paler, indistinct. Lores, cheeks and ear coverts buffy brown, finely streaked below eyes. Nape, mantle and back dark brown, feather edges paler greyish brown, giving streaked appearance. Rump sparsely streaked dark brown. Tail brown, central rectrices plain, remainder with broad subterminal spot or bar and pale brown tips. Wing coverts and scapulars streaked with dark brown, feathers with greyish-brown edges. Flight feathers dark brown, primaries with reddish-brown margins on both webs; inner margins of secondaries reddish brown. Chin and throat buffy white, breast greyish white; remainder of underparts pale buffy, darkest on flanks. Underparts with extensive fine, dark streaking, concentrated on sides of breast and flanks. Bill grey. Eyes brown. Legs and feet pinkish flesh. Juv: As ad, but upper parts duller, underparts faintly washed yellowish. Confusing species: Very similar Wailing Cisticola has plain warm buff (not grey and streaked) breast. Levaillant's Cisticola has black-and-brown (not grey-and-brown) streaked back, contrasting strongly with brighter chestnut crown and tail.
8# Dark Chanting Goshawk: [ 4 ] Ad
: Upper parts, incl head, grey. Upper tail coverts narrowly barred grey and white, central rectrices black, tipped white; remainder of tail broadly barred black and white1. Upper wing coverts grey, feathers with dark shafts. Flight feathers indistinctly barred grey and dark grey; little contrast between primaries and secondaries, but outer primaries broadly tipped blackish. Underwing coverts white, very finely barred grey, contrasting with dark flight feathers. Chin to upper breast grey. Remainder of underparts white, finely barred grey. Bill basally red, distally dark grey; cere and adjacent naked facial skin red. Eyes dark brown. Legs and feet red. Confusing species: Pale Chanting Goshawk larger, less compact, and paler grey, with longer legs, whitish upper tail coverts, contrasting primaries and secondaries, and pale grey patch in folded wing. Read more about
:Long-billed CrombecBlack SparrowhawkAshy TitBrubruOrange-breasted SunbirdYellow-bellied GreenbulGrey-backed CisticolaDark Chanting Goshawk