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 Post subject: Sycamore Fig.
Unread postPosted: Mon Jun 04, 2012 8:45 am 
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The Sycamore Fig.

Ficus sycomorus, called the sycamore fig or the mulberry-fig (because the leaves resemble those of the Mulberry), has been cultivated since ancient times.

It is native to Africa south of the Sahel where the tree is usually found in rich soils along rivers and in mixed woodlands. To experience these magnificent trees, take spend some and have a look at the micro-habitat to so many other species of Bats, Birds, Insects and Mammals, you will be surprised at what hides in the branches and shade of this giant of Africa.

Ficus sycomorus grows to 20 m tall and 6 m wide with a dense round crown of spreading branches. The leaves are heart-shaped with a round apex, 14 cm long by 10 cm wide, and arranged spirally around the twig.

They are dark green above and lighter with prominent yellow veins below, and both surfaces are rough to the touch. The petiole is 0.5–3 cm long and pubescent. The fruit is a large edible fig, 2–3 cm in diameter, ripening from buff-green to yellow or red. They are borne in thick clusters on long branchlets or the leaf axil. Flowering and fruiting occurs year-round, peaking from July to December. The bark is green-yellow to orange and exfoliates in papery strips to reveal the yellow inner bark. Like all other figs, it contains a latex.

This species of fig requires the presence of the symbiotic wasp, Ceratosolen arabicus, to reproduce sexually.

In tropical areas, where the wasp is common, complex mini-ecosystems involving the wasp, nematodes, other parasitic wasps and various larger predators, revolve around the life cycle of the fig. The trees' random production of fruit in such environments assures its constant attendance by the insects and animals which form this ecosystem.

The Ancient Egyptians cultivated this species "almost exclusively".

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 Post subject: Re: Sycamore Fig.
Unread postPosted: Mon Jun 04, 2012 9:06 am 
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Gmlsmit thank you for sharing some very interesting information regarding a very striking tree. Do you perhaps know what the relationship is with the sycamore trees that you find in America and Australia, is it the same tree?

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 Post subject: Re: Sycamore Fig.
Unread postPosted: Mon Jun 04, 2012 9:26 am 
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My information is:

The Sycamore fig grows naturally in Lebanon, where the famous Gemmayzeh Street is named after its Arabic nameGemmayz, the southern Arabian Peninsula, in Cyprus and in very localized areas inMadagascar, and has been naturalised in Israel and Egypt.

Ficus (genus Ficus), a group of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines, commonly called figs.

Native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are distributed throughout the world’s tropics. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals.

The common fig (Ficus carica) is cultivated for its pear-shaped, edible fruits, which are really hollow fleshy receptacles (syconia) containing hundreds of male and female flowers.

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I participate because I care - CUSTOS NATURAE
No to Hotels in and commercialization of our National Parks.
No to Legalized Rhino and Lion trade.
Done 144 visits to National Parks.
What a wonderful privilege.


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 Post subject: Re: Sycamore Fig.
Unread postPosted: Fri Jun 08, 2012 7:22 pm 
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gmlsmit wrote:
[because the leaves resemble those of the Mulberry
Personally, I don't think the leaves look anything like those of the Mulberry.

Johan


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 Post subject: Re: Sycamore Fig.
Unread postPosted: Sat Jun 09, 2012 10:41 am 
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I have only posted what the botanists are stating.

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No to Hotels in and commercialization of our National Parks.
No to Legalized Rhino and Lion trade.
Done 144 visits to National Parks.
What a wonderful privilege.


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