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Roller, Purple

Identify and index birds in Southern Africa
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Jose
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Roller, Purple

Unread postby Jose » Sat Apr 15, 2006 6:29 pm

Purple Roller (Coracias naevius [Coracias naevia])

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Somewhere near Timbavati picnic spot, April 2004.

Classification:
Order: Coraciformes
Family: Coraciidae
Genus: Coracias

Other names:
Afrikaans: Groottroupant
French: Rollier varié
German: Strichelracke
Dutch: Roodkruinscharrelaar
Portuguese: Rolieiro-de-sobrancelhas-brancas

Distribution: Africa from Senegal, Mauritania and Gambia East to Ethiopia and Somalia and South to the northern parts of South Africa. Absent in forest areas in western and central Africa.

Identification: The Purple Roller is a large, heavily built roller with a square tail. Its size (33-38 cm) makes it the largest roller of the region and it is easily identified by its broad pale eyebrow stripe and lilac-brown underparts heavily streaked with white. The upperparts are olive-green. Male and female look alike. Juvenile resembles the adult but is duller.

A rather quiet and somewhat sluggish bird. When displaying it flies with an exaggerated side-to-side, rocking motion as if wings beating unevenly, first rising, then falling like paper kite out of control. Display is accompanied by calls.
Usually solitary or in pairs. It normally perches on dead trees or telephone wires for long periods, and catches its prey on the ground. Its diet consists of insects, small reptiles and scorpions.

Call: A harsh "karaa-karaa", uttered repeatedly in display flight.

Habitat: Dry thornveld and open, broadleafed woodland.

Breeding: September to December. A nest is built in a natural hole in a tree. Old Woodpeckers nests are taken over too. Clutch: 2-4 eggs, incubation is unrecorded.

Status: Scarce to fairly common resident with local movements.

Conservation: Not globally threatened. There is evidence of decreasing numbers (del Hoyo et al. 2001), but the species is not believed to approach the >30% population decline criteria for the 2005 IUCN Red List. Therefore the bird is placed in the LC (Least Concern) category.

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Wild@Heart
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Unread postby Wild@Heart » Tue Apr 18, 2006 6:45 am

Saw a few (read about 5) of them in the Park.

One we saw in Shingwedzi ..
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richardharris
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Unread postby richardharris » Mon Jun 26, 2006 10:54 pm

There were lots around in June, from Mopani all the way north.

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Richard


http://www.pbase.com/richardharris/june_2006

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DuQues
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Unread postby DuQues » Mon Nov 06, 2006 3:18 pm

We saw just one near Rabelais hut, but with the light coming from the wrong direction. This one near Klopperfonteinmade up for that.
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Arriving currently: The photos from our trip! Overhere! :yaya:

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Unread postby Bush Baptist » Thu Nov 09, 2006 10:51 pm

Nowhere near as common as the lilac bteasted, in fact we see only 1 or 2 per trip to Kruger. Saw one in Kgalagadi in September.
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Unread postby cybeR@NGER » Thu Feb 22, 2007 10:40 pm

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Kruger Park (Oct'06)
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Elsa
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Unread postby Elsa » Tue Apr 15, 2008 3:42 pm

We snapped our best ever pics of this beautiful Roller this Feb in Kruger on the S114. :D

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Johann
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Unread postby Johann » Thu Jul 17, 2008 3:44 pm

The light did unfortunately not play along when taking these pics but this guy was doing some stretching exercises and I just had to shoot.

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Latest lifers from Kruger NP:
Black Coucal Centropus grillii Swartvleiloerie
Flappet Lark Mirafra rufocinnamomea Laeveldklappertjie

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Elsa
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Re: Roller, Purple

Unread postby Elsa » Tue Jun 23, 2009 10:20 pm

This one was seen this year in Kruger.

ImageLarge

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Rusty Justy
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Re: Roller, Purple

Unread postby Rusty Justy » Thu Jul 02, 2009 4:00 pm

Really good pictures here! :D Well done!
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Bush Baptist
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Re: Roller, Purple

Unread postby Bush Baptist » Tue Jul 07, 2009 9:45 pm

Seen on April Kruger trip on the roads near Bateleur

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Whatever (according to BB): "You are correct but I don't want to admit it".

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Rusty Justy
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Re: Roller, Purple

Unread postby Rusty Justy » Tue Jul 07, 2009 11:31 pm

Great Sighting BB :clap:
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Bush Baptist
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Re: Roller, Purple

Unread postby Bush Baptist » Wed Jul 08, 2009 7:19 am

Thanks RJ. It is funny, we always seem to see one per trip, but only one.
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Rusty Justy
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Re: Roller, Purple

Unread postby Rusty Justy » Wed Jul 08, 2009 1:56 pm

I agree, htta not seen in large numbers like the other rollers! :D Thats why any sighting is a good one for me!
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o-dog
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Re: Roller, Purple

Unread postby o-dog » Wed Jul 08, 2009 2:09 pm

I agree that this bird is not as common as LBR but as always nature throws out the unexpected and I would estmate that I saw almost 100 of these birds in 3 days in April in KNP this year, mostly in the more open areas East of Lower Sabie.
They were everywhere outnumbering LBR 3-1.

It does depend where you go obviously - I would say in 'normal' visits its only 2 or 3 sightings per day where LBR is more like 50 sightings per day.
Mana Pools: 11th - 20th Oct
KNP: 27th Nov - 5 Dec


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