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 Post subject: Re: Anthrax outbreak in the north of the KNP
Unread postPosted: Tue Aug 28, 2012 10:37 am 
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I am so sad to be reading this. :cry:
We were privileged to see a herd of roan last year near Babalala!!
Such a beautiful antelope. :clap:
I do hope and pray that we don't lose any more animals. :pray:

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 Post subject: Re: Anthrax outbreak in the north of the KNP
Unread postPosted: Tue Aug 28, 2012 11:01 am 
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K-4S wrote:
Does anyone know how many Roan are in the park?

In Lesego's post it says about a hundred....
K-4S wrote:
Also for interest sake is there any place that the KNP game cencus findings are posted?

Yep! You can find (shortened versions) in the Annual reports, which make interesting reading material anyway.

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 Post subject: Re: Anthrax outbreak in the north of the KNP
Unread postPosted: Tue Aug 28, 2012 12:29 pm 
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OH NO!!!! :big_eyes:

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 Post subject: Re: Anthrax outbreak in the north of the KNP
Unread postPosted: Tue Aug 28, 2012 12:35 pm 
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This is TOO awful. Hope it can be contained as soon as possible :(

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 Post subject: Re: Anthrax outbreak in the north of the KNP
Unread postPosted: Tue Aug 28, 2012 1:19 pm 
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Very worrying indeed, especially when so many of the rare Roan have been affected. :(

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 Post subject: Re: Anthrax outbreak in the north of the KNP
Unread postPosted: Tue Aug 28, 2012 3:45 pm 
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Here are a few facts about anthrax:

Anthrax is a life-threatening infectious disease that normally affects animals, especially ruminants (such as goats, cattle, sheep, and horses). Anthrax can be transmitted to humans by contact with infected animals or their products

Dr. Robert Koch, who proved that the anthrax bacterium was the cause of a disease that affected farm animals in his community. Under the microscope, the bacteria look like large rods. However, in the soil, where they live, anthrax organisms exist in a dormant form called spores. These spores are very hardy and difficult to destroy. The spores have been known to survive in the soil for as long as 48 years.

Anthrax can infect humans in three ways. The most common is infection through the skin, which causes an ugly sore that usually goes away without treatment. Humans and animals can ingest anthrax from carcasses of dead animals that have been contaminated with anthrax. Ingestion of anthrax can cause serious, sometimes fatal disease. The most deadly form is inhalation anthrax. If the spores of anthrax are inhaled, they migrate to lymph glands in the chest where they proliferate, spread, and produce toxins that often cause death.

From the above it is quite clear that we are dealing with a real "monster" that cannot be traced at all :big_eyes: .

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 Post subject: Re: Anthrax outbreak in the north of the KNP
Unread postPosted: Tue Aug 28, 2012 5:24 pm 
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I am so sad. Any anthrax outbreak is terrible, but this is even more so because the rare Roan Antelope have been affected. I do hope the outbreak can be contained in some way and further deaths can be avoided.

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 Post subject: Re: Anthrax outbreak in the north of the KNP
Unread postPosted: Wed Aug 29, 2012 7:05 am 
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This was also reported over the SABC news this morning.

It was briefly stated that 30 Roan antelope in a breeding camp in the north of the KNP had died of Anthrax. It was also mentioned that they were part of a total population of 100 as per the post of Lesego, William Mabasa was quoted.

It was also mentioned that a vaccination campaign had now been started.

It is a well known fact that Anthrax becomes effective at the end of winter during the dry period. The animals that had died were in the breeding camp - my question why were these animals not vaccinated earlier, this seems to be the reaction to this tragedy - too little too late.

A few years ago some Lichtensteins Hartebeest died in a quarantine camp due to the lack of water (care) and now this.

Surely it is fair to expect that a vulnerable species such as Roan in an enclosed area should be taken care of in a better way, or am I wrong?

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 Post subject: Re: Anthrax outbreak in the north of the KNP
Unread postPosted: Wed Aug 29, 2012 8:04 am 
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I think it is a fine line as the Kruger park has policy in place not to intervene in most cases and let nature take its course. Yes it is sad that so many roan have been lost but should we start intervening with vaccinations where do you stop? Next it could be something else. I Think containing the disease is now priority

I agree in the case of the Lichtenstein Hartebees dying because of lack of water is an oversight on the parks management as they were placed there by park management in the first place. :hmz:

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 Post subject: Re: Anthrax outbreak in the north of the KNP
Unread postPosted: Wed Aug 29, 2012 8:10 am 
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Always remember what the Kruger is there for:

To conserve and protect wildlife. Intervention with nature will be kept to an absolute minimum. It is not a game farm. For whatever reason, if needs be, money could be generated from the resources of the Park.

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 Post subject: Re: Anthrax outbreak in the north of the KNP
Unread postPosted: Wed Aug 29, 2012 8:59 am 
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@K-4S
I agree with you that intervention with nature should be kept to a minimum, but remember that these Roan antelope were also in an enclosure and therefore would have needed higher levels of management than other Roan roaming freely in the park. Of course Kruger in itself is still a fenced-in system and unfortunately not a totally open ecosystem. Therefore some form of management will always be necessary.

Perhaps there is a good explanation why these animals were not vaccinated earlier. Hope we will get more info from Sanparks about this issue.

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 Post subject: Re: Anthrax outbreak in the north of the KNP
Unread postPosted: Wed Aug 29, 2012 9:02 am 
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This is very sad news indeed. If vaccination is necessary and will help, let them vaccinate! I know to little about Anthrax to decide whether SANParks should intervene or not. I only feel for the animals, and if they could be saved, they must be saved. :cry:

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 Post subject: Re: Anthrax outbreak in the north of the KNP
Unread postPosted: Wed Aug 29, 2012 9:23 am 
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Yes agreed as soon as you close in a system then management is required to provide the shortfalls in that system. Does anyone know, or could SANparks, provide some info on whether enclosing the roan in was succesful in terms of breeding. Have the growth of the herd been improved by putting them in a closed area? :think:

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 Post subject: Re: Anthrax outbreak in the north of the KNP
Unread postPosted: Wed Aug 29, 2012 9:32 am 
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I suppose it depends on how much the vaccine costs, it's effectiveness, any side effects and the planned future for the roan.

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 Post subject: Re: Anthrax outbreak in the north of the KNP
Unread postPosted: Wed Aug 29, 2012 10:50 am 
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I'm just trying to piece together the information that's been available for some time already.

We know that the spores can survive in dormant form for 48 years, surfaces in the dry season, etc. etc.
Do we know how to contain an outbreak without vaccination for instance? If we do not know, why were that specific area chosen for a breeding camp? If we do know, why were that specific area chosen for a breeding camp? :twisted: In my mind if we did know, the outbreak could have been prevented, even if it meant providing safe drinking water in the camp.

Intervention with nature can become a lengthy debate so I'm not going there :wink: Let's just say I agree with Ifubesi - some form of intervention will always be necessary. :thumbs_up:


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