Long -tailed Paradise WhydahVidua paradisaeaAfrikaans Name: Gewone ParadysvinkIdentification:
A very small bird with measuring length of 11 - 13 cm, non breeding, and during breeding the tail of 23cm is added.
Size comparisson to that of a Sparrow.Breeding male:
he is mainly black, with the belly and a broad collar on the hindneck in an ochre yellow.
The breast is a chestnut-brown.
His innermost rectrices are very broad, tapering to the filaments, with the next pair of rectrices being broad, long and pointed.Call:
a sharp, chirp callnote, with sparrow-like chirping. It imitates the song of the Melba Finch.Status:
A fairly common residentHabitat:
Acacia savanna, dry open woodlands, cultivated lands and gardensHabits:
Occurs in pairs of up to 60.
Forages on the ground.
Male displays with bouncing upward flight, 20 - 100m above the ground, then levels it off, flying with rapid wingbeats, broad central rectrices raised, long streamers straight out behind and end it off with a swooping descent to perch.
He displays all day long, and only feeds in the evening.Food:
Seeds and insectsBreeding:
The Male is polygamous, meaning: he pairs up in breeding season with a number of different females. Polygynous males invest a little time and effort into parental care as possible, they leave the responsibility of incubating the eggs and raising the chicks to the female. A real
"avian chauvinist"Breeding season
: January - June