Skip to content

SANParks.org Forums

View unanswered posts | View active topics






Post new topic Reply to topic  Page 7 of 8
 [ 114 posts ]  Go to page Previous  1 ... 4, 5, 6, 7, 8  Next
Author Message
 Post subject: Re: photography tip for the week
Unread postPosted: Fri Feb 18, 2011 11:00 am 
Offline
User avatar

Joined: Sun Mar 07, 2010 5:05 pm
Posts: 144
Guidelines to Composition

All images captured have in essence been composed by the photographer.. Just as a musical composer composes an orchestra, the photographer composes the image he presents for us to see.. but what makes a good image? Apart from being correctly exposed, we need for it to be correctly composed.

So how do we define composition?

The building-up of a picture using certain guidelines so that you are able to portray any subject in such a manner that it is pleasing to the viewer.

Your photographs must evoke feelings of enjoyment, emotion, shock or whatever you, the artist, wish to portray. You are in control! You decide the result you want and then proceed to achieve results by using proper composition. This is art. This is photography.

Good composition is an integral part of any successful or pleasing photograph. It is the dividing line between a snapshot and a photograph.

Every photograph must have a centre of interest. Without this, the viewers eyes will wander all over the photograph and, finding nothing, lose interest!

What is a centre of interest?

Can be anything you wish. In a landscape, it could be a house, a figure, a cloud formation, a mountain, a field of flowers, a single bloom, a boat.
In general photography it could be a colour, an object, a pattern,
In portraiture, it is the shape of the pose, the glint in the eye, the pout of the lips, the stance, the eye make-up, the jewels or clothes worn. The dirt on the child’s face
In action photography it could be the player at scoring the try, the car winning the race, the runner collapsing after the comrades.
Nature images could feature the might of the leader of the pack, the lion taking down its kill, the bird stretching its wing.

IT SHOULD BE THE REASON YOU ARE TAKING THE PICTURE

So how do we achieve this thing called Composition? Very simple, we follow a few basic rules and guidelines.

Guidelines? Rules? All sounds too complicated doesn't it. Well, it needn't be. All we need do is follow a few basic guidelines to achieve good composition.

1.Simplify
Avoid visual chaos
Get in close (macro lenses etc)
When in doubt, use a shallow DOF
Keep the background simple

2. Centre of interest
Usually the reason for taking the picture
Without a centre of interest, the picture is almost meaningless

3. The Golden Rule - the rule of thirds
Prevents us from cutting the picture in halves
Mentally divide your picture into thirds
Distribute the info onto 1/3 or 2/3 ratios

4. Leave space
Make space for the subject to move into
Stationary objects also need space
Allow space for subjects to look into
Allocate space according to subjects of importance

5. Left to right
A viewers eye enters the picture from left to right, allow your image to flow this way

6. Power Points
This is the point at which the thirds dissect
The top right point is the most powerful
Only one power point should be used at a time

7. Attracting the viewers eye
The sharpest area
The brightest area
Strong intense colours (reds, oranges)
Recognizeable shapes (human silhouette etc)
Symbols and numbers

8. Lead in lines
Used to guide the viewers eye into the picture
Lead in from left to right

9. Perceptual Depth
Create perceptual depth
Include foreground interest

10. Horizontal and vertical lines
If these are meant to be straight, don’t let them fall to one side nor lean over

11. Angle of sight
By merely changing the angle or the direction of the camera, a completely different image can be obtained. Look at your subject from different angles.

Follow these simple guidelines and create your composition..

_________________
Capture the light and expose it to the world..


Top
 Profile  
 
 Post subject: Re: photography tip for the week
Unread postPosted: Fri Feb 18, 2011 11:13 am 
Offline
Senior Virtual Ranger
Senior Virtual Ranger
User avatar

Joined: Fri Jan 02, 2009 9:14 am
Posts: 2387
Location: Pretoria, South Africa
Hi Guys and Girls, I’m also a keen photographer and would like to contribute as well…maybe you can learn from me too!! :thumbs_up:

I’m the owner of a SAMSUNG S1060 digital camera. It has a 6.3 – 31.5 zoom capability and a 5x optical zoom feature as well. Some positive aspects of this instrument are its compact size…it’s about the size of a packet of 20 cigarettes and you don’t have to carry bulky and expensive lenses around. It has video capabilities as well and therefore you have everything in one nice package!

It’s not your average “mik en druk” (point and shoot) camera…it has an auto or manual option…as I have mentioned a very nice package!

I want to get as much out of this camera as possible and I have tried out the aperture and shutter-speed options on the manual setting and I was rather pleased with the end results!

Herewith a few photos I have taken from my roof on inauguration day!

First up: A few prop aircrafts…I have almost accomplished the same results as Sprocky did…note the moving props but more importantly note the background…it’s in focus:

Image

Next photo: A few choppers where I have used a high shutter speed. The end result was no moving props with the effect that the aircrafts look stationary up there. The result of the high shutter speed was also a focused background!

Image

Next up: A close-up of a jet. I think I overdid the zooming capability of my camera here with the result that this photo is a little bit out of focus and I have cut off the wings a bit…But still a great pic all in all!

Image

What do you think about my photography…I don’t mind straight answers? Should I use this camera on auto and forget about the manual setting or should I experiment even more with the manual setting? Do you think I should upgrade my camera or do you think I should buy a PhotoShop software package to enhance my pics? Have you learned anything from me and should I contribute more on this thread ? :twisted: :twisted:


Top
 Profile  
 
 Post subject: Re: photography tip for the week
Unread postPosted: Fri Feb 18, 2011 11:28 am 
Offline
Honorary Virtual Ranger
Honorary Virtual Ranger
User avatar

Joined: Fri Jan 14, 2005 5:42 pm
Posts: 17943
Location: Red sand, why do I keep thinking of red sand?
Quote:
do you think I should buy a PhotoShop software package to enhance my pics?

Nope, there are enough free programs around which do the same for free. ;)
Have a look at Paint.net for instance.

And no, not really. The first two photos are a little dark, so they could be brightened a bit, and the last one is a bit too bright. In both cases your camera was fooled.
It exposed for the white cloud, and tried to make that 18% grey, in which it succeeded. In the third photo the darker underside of the plane may have thrown it off kilter.

As for the composition of the photos themselves, in the two first photos there is no real subject, just a clutter. And the plane lacks part of two wings.
Not easy to get right with a mik 'n druk with shutterlag (click, wait for the camera to realise it has to do something, photo made). But you could have zoomed out a bit, getting everything in view. Then on the pc crop it to what you wanted to show.

_________________
Arriving currently: The photos from our trip! Overhere! :yaya:

Feel free to use any of these additional letters to correct the spelling of words found in the above post: a-e-t-n-d-i-o-s-m-l-u-y-h-c


Top
 Profile  
 
 Post subject: Re: photography tip for the week
Unread postPosted: Fri Feb 18, 2011 2:03 pm 
Offline

Joined: Wed Jun 10, 2009 8:51 am
Posts: 2159
:lol: :lol: Hey Theuns, have you ever considered using that camera in more of an aviation role, I was thinking about a wheel chock for one of those a/c. :twisted:

Just joking, aviation photography is not that easy, a bit more practice and you will be there. Keep at it and don't let the "pro's" put you off. :wink:


Top
 Profile  
 
 Post subject: Re: photography tip for the week
Unread postPosted: Fri Feb 18, 2011 3:57 pm 
Offline
Senior Virtual Ranger
Senior Virtual Ranger
User avatar

Joined: Fri Jan 02, 2009 9:14 am
Posts: 2387
Location: Pretoria, South Africa
DuQues wrote:
As for the composition of the photos themselves, in the two first photos there is no real subject, just a clutter.


Yes DQ, it looks like a few brommers (flies) circling around! :twisted: :lol: :lol:

Thanks for your advice though! :thumbs_up:

Sprocky wrote:
:lol: :lol: Hey Theuns, have you ever considered using that camera in more of an aviation role, I was thinking about a wheel chock for one of those a/c. :twisted:


Yeah Sprocky, or I can use it as a chock for my trailer at Tsendze!! :twisted: :twisted:

Sprocky wrote:
Just joking, aviation photography is not that easy, a bit more practice and you will be there. Keep at it and don't let the "pro's" put you off. :wink:


I will be at it this weekend...sitting on the roof waiting for the Galaxy on its glide towards Waterkloof AFB and then snapping away in manual mode! :cam: :lol: :lol:


Top
 Profile  
 
 Post subject: Re: photography tip for the week
Unread postPosted: Fri Feb 18, 2011 7:00 pm 
Offline

Joined: Thu Jan 27, 2011 4:30 pm
Posts: 97
Location: A grey UK ! Longing to be in SA !
Hi TheunsH;

Happy snapping :lol:

For shots with a lot of bright sky, if you're going to shoot in manual mode; try adding 2/3 to 1-stop of positive exposure compensation.

As DuQues says, cameras are easily fooled by whites (or brights) into under-exposing. (The reverse is also true of very dark images where they're fooled into over-exposing!)

By adding a touch of positive EC, you'll see the C-5 Galaxy move from a dark grey to a more natural light-grey...

Cheers...


Top
 Profile  
 
 Post subject: Re: photography tip for the week
Unread postPosted: Fri Feb 18, 2011 7:15 pm 
Offline
User avatar

Joined: Sun Mar 07, 2010 5:05 pm
Posts: 144
It's a real pleasure.. glad you all appreciate my contributions.. :mrgreen: :mrgreen: :mrgreen:

_________________
Capture the light and expose it to the world..


Top
 Profile  
 
 Post subject: Re: photography tip for the week
Unread postPosted: Fri Feb 18, 2011 8:07 pm 
Offline
Honorary Virtual Ranger
Honorary Virtual Ranger
User avatar

Joined: Fri Jan 14, 2005 5:42 pm
Posts: 17943
Location: Red sand, why do I keep thinking of red sand?
We/they got sidelined Rob. :lol:

Can you explain why you prefer the "Aim - Tilt your digital camera at a slight downward perspective rather than head on at the subjects face when taking people shots."?
It has me puzzled, as you could see from my reaction.

_________________
Arriving currently: The photos from our trip! Overhere! :yaya:

Feel free to use any of these additional letters to correct the spelling of words found in the above post: a-e-t-n-d-i-o-s-m-l-u-y-h-c


Top
 Profile  
 
 Post subject: Re: photography tip for the week
Unread postPosted: Fri Feb 18, 2011 8:21 pm 
Offline
User avatar

Joined: Sun Mar 07, 2010 5:05 pm
Posts: 144
DuQues wrote:
We/they got sidelined Rob. :lol:

Can you explain why you prefer the "Aim - Tilt your digital camera at a slight downward perspective rather than head on at the subjects face when taking people shots."?
It has me puzzled, as you could see from my reaction.


It's pretty simple. If you shoot head on like you suggest, you tend to get flat and perpectiveless portraits. The idea is to be slightly (not very) higher than your subjects face so as to create some depth and perspective. This gives more of a 3D effect on a 2D image. The idea is also to have the eyes look at the photographer but not in such a matter that the white of the eyes are unbalanced. Rather cock the head slightly upwards.

You defnitely do not shoot down like at garbage.. different concept..

_________________
Capture the light and expose it to the world..


Top
 Profile  
 
 Post subject: Re: photography tip for the week
Unread postPosted: Sat Feb 19, 2011 1:20 pm 
Offline
Junior Virtual Ranger
Junior Virtual Ranger

Joined: Sun May 31, 2009 10:30 pm
Posts: 424
Hi TheunsH. Do you know what day and what time the Galaxy is coming in? Please post your pics on www.Avcom.co.za
My apologies for being off topic.

_________________
Faith is the bird that feels the light when the dawn is still dark. Author unknown.


Top
 Profile  
 
 Post subject: Re: photography tip for the week
Unread postPosted: Sat Feb 19, 2011 10:26 pm 
Offline
Senior Virtual Ranger
Senior Virtual Ranger
User avatar

Joined: Fri Jan 02, 2009 9:14 am
Posts: 2387
Location: Pretoria, South Africa
Thank you for the advice EOS_User! :thumbs_up:

Steamtrainfan, my photos are not up to standard to post on www.Avcom.co.za! :redface:

I see the Galaxy almost every week and sometimes 3 times a week slowly gliding towards Waterkloof AFB from North to South late in the afternoons (after 17:00). I will let you know by PM when I see it and maybe we can work out a rough schedule of it to enable you to take a few photos! :thumbs_up:

I'm rather sure it is a Galaxy...huge grey plane, high tail wing, etc, etc.


Top
 Profile  
 
 Post subject: Re: photography tip for the week
Unread postPosted: Sat Feb 19, 2011 10:42 pm 
Offline
Virtual Ranger
Virtual Ranger
User avatar

Joined: Sun Oct 19, 2008 2:01 pm
Posts: 783
Location: Unfortunately not in KNP so I had to settle with Jo'burg
Thanks Robbie! :thumbs_up: This is really turning out to be such a helpful thread... Please keep it coming it is much appreciated!

[ Post made via Mobile Device ] Image


Top
 Profile  
 
 Post subject: Re: photography tip for the week
Unread postPosted: Sun Feb 20, 2011 5:37 pm 
Offline

Joined: Thu Jan 27, 2011 4:30 pm
Posts: 97
Location: A grey UK ! Longing to be in SA !
Quote:
I'm rather sure it is a Galaxy...huge grey plane, high tail wing, etc, etc.


Hi TheunsH;

If you're not 100% sure, your plane could also be a Boeing C-17 Globemaster. Looks like the SAAF has both types in service. The C-5 Galaxy is the biggest by a mile though. Easiest way to tell is wingtips! If it has 'em it's a Globemaster!

Cheers...


Top
 Profile  
 
 Post subject: Re: photography tip for the week
Unread postPosted: Mon Feb 21, 2011 10:34 am 
Offline
Senior Virtual Ranger
Senior Virtual Ranger
User avatar

Joined: Fri Jan 02, 2009 9:14 am
Posts: 2387
Location: Pretoria, South Africa
EOS_User, it may be a C-17 Globemaster. I will look at the wingtips when it comes over again...thanks! :thumbs_up:


Top
 Profile  
 
 Post subject: Re: photography tip for the week
Unread postPosted: Wed Mar 23, 2011 10:14 am 
Offline
User avatar

Joined: Tue Apr 14, 2009 10:44 am
Posts: 4755
Location: On the edge of heaven
Yeah. Please do and when you "shoot" it again please don't "cut off" the wing-tips again. :twisted: :twisted:


Top
 Profile  
 
Display posts from previous:  Sort by  
Post new topic Reply to topic  [ 114 posts ]  Go to page Previous  1 ... 4, 5, 6, 7, 8  Next



Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 3 guests


You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot post attachments in this forum

Powered by phpBB © 2000, 2002, 2005, 2007 phpBB Group

Webcams Highlights

Addo Nossob Orpen Satara
Addo Nossob Orpen Satara
Submitted by Shiba at 04:50:25 Submitted by Shiba at 04:39:12 Submitted by Shiba at 03:41:13 Submitted by Shiba at 03:41:04